Zhang, Melissa. “Localization for Khovanov homologies”, Boston College, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/2345/bc-ir:108470.
In 2010, Seidel and Smith used their localization framework for Floer homologies to prove a Smith-type rank inequality for the symplectic Khovanov homology of 2-periodic links in the 3-sphere. Hendricks later used similar geometric techniques to prove analogous rank inequalities for the knot Floer homology of 2-periodic links. We use combinatorial and space-level techniques to prove analogous Smith-type inequalities for various flavors of Khovanov homology for periodic links in the 3-sphere of any prime periodicity. First, we prove a graded rank inequality for the annular Khovanov homology of 2-periodic links by showing grading obstructions to longer differentials in a localization spectral sequence. We remark that the same method can be extended to p-periodic links. Second, in joint work with Matthew Stoffregen, we construct a Z/p-equivariant stable homotopy type for odd and even, annular and non-annular Khovanov homologies, using Lawson, Lipshitz, and Sarkar's Burnside functor construction of a Khovanov stable homotopy type. Then, we identify the fixed-point sets and apply a version of the classical Smith inequality to obtain spectral sequences and rank inequalities relating the Khovanov homology of a periodic link with the annular Khovanov homology of the quotient link. As a corollary, we recover a rank inequality for Khovanov homology conjectured by Seidel and Smith's work on localization and symplectic Khovanov homology.