Catalytic Conjunctive Cross-Coupling and Catalytic Diboration Reactions
Zhang, Liang. “Catalytic Conjunctive Cross-Coupling and Catalytic Diboration Reactions”, Boston College, 2017. http://hdl.handle.net/2345/bc-ir:107561.
This dissertation will present four main projects focused on stereoselective construction of borylated compounds as well as their applications in asymmetric syntheses. The first two projects describe the development of a catalytic conjunctive cross-coupling reaction. By merging three simple starting materials, an organolithium reagent, an organoboronate, and an organic electrophile, a synthetically valuable secondary boronate is furnished by the conjunctive cross-coupling in an efficient and enantioselective fashion. Next, this strategy is expanded to synthesize severely hindered tertiary boronates, a synthetic challenging but powerful building block to access a variety of quaternary stereocenters. The third project presents a platinum-catalyzed enantioselective diboration of alkenyl boronates to furnish a broad range of 1,1,2-tris(boronates) products. A deborylative alkylation of the 1,1,2-tris(boronates) leads to a variety of internal vicinal bis(boronates) with high diastereoselectivity. In the final chapter, a general and practical synthesis of alkenyl boronates via the boron-Wittig reaction is disclosed. Utilizing readily accessible geminal bis(boronates) and aldehydes, a broad range of disubstituted and trisubstituted alkenyl boronates are afforded with good yield and stereoselectivity.