The neural basis of true memory and false memory for visual features
Karanian, Jessica M. “The neural basis of true memory and false memory for visual features”, Boston College, 2017. http://hdl.handle.net/2345/bc-ir:107364.
Episodic memory is a constructive process in which a system of sensory and control processes works to transport one’s conscious mind through time–in essence, recreating a previous perceptual experience. For instance, sensory-specific activity that was associated with an original encoding experience is reinstated during retrieval–almost as if the sensory regions are processing the stimulus again, albeit this activation is smaller in spatial extent. This process of sensory-specific reinstatement occurs across all sensory modalities (e.g., Gottfried et al., 2004; Nyberg et al., 2001; Vaidya et al., 2002; Wheeler et al., 2000). That is, retrieval of a visually encoded stimulus (e.g., a picture of a dog) reinstates activity in the visual cortex, while retrieval of an aurally encoded stimulus (e.g., a barking dog) reinstates activity in the auditory cortex. In Chapter 1 and Chapter 2, I demonstrate the specificity of such sensory reinstatement during true memory for visual features and investigate the role of such sensory regions during the construction of false memory for visual features. In addition to sensory processes, our conscious experience of memory also relies on control regions. At the center of this memory control network sits a key memory structure, the hippocampus, as well as other important control regions such as the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and the parietal cortex. Furthermore, the parahippocampal cortex appears to play a critical role in memory; however, the exact role of this region has been debated (Aminoff, Kverga, & Bar, 2013). In Chapter 3, I investigate the functional role of the parahippocampal cortex during true memory and false memory, and provide evidence that the parahippocampal cortex mediates general contextual processing.