Testing Multivariate Economic Restrictions Using Quantiles

Dette, Holger, Stefan Hoderlein, and Natalie Neumeyer. “Testing Multivariate Economic Restrictions Using Quantiles”. Boston College Working Papers in Economics 836, 2013.

Abstract

This paper is concerned with testing rationality restrictions using quantile regression methods. Specifically, we consider negative semidefiniteness of the Slutsky matrix, arguably the core restriction implied by utility maximization. We consider a heterogeneous population characterized by a system of nonseparable structural equations with infinite dimensional unobservable. To analyze this economic restriction, we employ quantile regression methods because they allow us to utilize the entire distribution of the data. Difficulties arise because the restriction involves several equations, while the quantile is a univariate concept. We establish that we may test the economic restriction by considering quantiles of linear combinations of the dependent variable. For this hypothesis we develop a new empirical process based test that applies kernel quantile estimators, and derive its large sample behavior. We investigate the performance of the test in a simulation study. Finally, we apply all concepts to Canadian microdata, and show that rationality is not rejected.