Meme, Kevin. “The Economics of Life and Death”, Boston College, 2003. http://hdl.handle.net/2345/429.
Malaria kills over 3,000 people each day—mostly in sub-Saharan Africa—and remains the world's number one killer of children under five. While efforts to combat the disease were largely successful in past decades, eradication has since stalled as the parasite (and its mosquito vector) have retreated to the core tropics and become increasingly resistant to pesticides and anti-malarial drugs. This study seeks to determine what other factors are significant in producing high malaria rates, and, based on those results, to offer policy suggestions that may provide alternatives to the “traditional” methods of combating malaria. The project uses cross-country models and individual country models of malaria output to analyze country indicator data and household survey data from around the world. Empirical analysis reveals that foreign aid flows may be less significant in reducing malaria outputs than originally suspected. Furthermore, the data suggests that other factors such as political stability, access to goods and services, and the use of bednets perhaps demand greater attention than they currently receive.