This undergraduate thesis examines the philosophical intersections underpinning Schrödinger's understanding of quantum physics and Schoenberg's atonal compositional techniques through the focusing prism of Goethe's Faust. The analysis begins with an exposition of the basics of quantum mechanics, and progresses to the unifying concept of form Schrödinger derives from this framework. Following a similar overview of tonal and atonal composition theory, the similarities between Schoenberg's parallel concept of idea and Schrödinger's form are discussed. Both of these concepts are then examined through Goethe's Faust, with particular attention to the concept of "soul-form" by which Faust achieves ultimate salvation and fulfillment. Finally, these symmetric ideas are applied to a range of contemporary sociocultural issues.