Diastereoselective, Alkoxide-Directed Diborations of Alkenyl Alcohols
Caya, Thomas Charles. “Diastereoselective, Alkoxide-Directed Diborations of Alkenyl Alcohols”, Boston College, 2014. http://hdl.handle.net/2345/3859.
The metal-catalyzed diboration of alkenes has gained fame as a practical methodology for use in the stereoselective construction of complex organic molecules and synthetic building blocks. The created carbon-boron bonds have tremendous versatility and can easily be manipulated into carbon-carbon or carbon-heteroatom bonds. Unfortunately, metal-catalyzed diborations often suffer from limitations such as substrate specificity. To address these issues, we investigated diboration reactions in the absence of transition-metal catalysts. Herein is presented a transition-metal-free, diastereoselective diboration methodology utilizing alkenyl alcohols as substrates. Allylic alcohols can be treated with an organolithium base and bis(pinacolato)diboron to generate 1,2,3-triols upon oxidation. Most studies were done on homoallylic alcohols, which can be performed using a carbonate base and an alcohol additive. This methodology has many strengths, such as a wide substrate scope and high levels of diastereoselectivity. Further investigations into product functionalization and synthetic applications will be pursued in due time.