This article considers the National Collegiate Athletic Association’s eligibility requirements for student-athletes in NCAA competitions. Enacted as a way to maintain academic integrity of the colleges, and to minimize the exploitation of these young athletes, the NCAA formulated a policy specifying minimum acceptable scores for high school grade point averages and S.A.T. test results in order to be eligible for a college athletic program. African-American athletes challenged these regulations, asserting that the minimums operated as a disparate impact in violation of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The author describes the effect of the decisions at both the NCAA as well as the colleges as they responded to the lawsuits and needed to craft reformulated policies.