Interest Rates, Inflation, and Federal Reserve Policy Since 1980
Ireland, Peter. “Interest Rates, Inflation, and Federal Reserve Policy Since 1980”. Boston College Working Papers in Economics 419, 1999.
This paper characterizes Federal Reserve policy since 1980 as one that actively manages short-term nominal interest rates in order to control inflation and evaluates this policy using a dynamic, stochastic, sticky-price model of the United States economy. The results show that the Fed's policy insulates aggregate output from the effects of exogenous demand-side disturbances and, by calling for a modest but persistent reduction in short-term interest rates following a positive technology shock, helps the economy to respond to supply-side disturbances as it would in the absence of nominal rigidities.