Engaging in Very Risky Sexual HIV Transmission Behavior
Taylor, Scott Wade. “Engaging in Very Risky Sexual HIV Transmission Behavior”. PhD, Boston College, 2011. http://hdl.handle.net/2345/2368.
Recent empirical epidemiological and behavioral research has indicated that some secondary intervention preventions (e.g., condom use, HIV-disclosure, serosorting, etc.) might not be suitable for all HIV-infected gay and bisexual men, particularly for those who engage in multiple episodes of unprotected anal intercourse (UAI). The purpose of this dissertation was to answer the primary research question: What are the psychological, behavioral and contextual factors associated with HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM) who engage in risky sexual behavior? A qualitative descriptive approach was used to conduct a content analysis of 14 in-depth, semi-structured interviews and to provide a description of the lives of MSM who do not consistently use traditional secondary risk behavior strategies (e.g., safer-sex negotiation, condom use, etc.) to reduce HIV transmission among sexual partners, particularly those partners who are HIV-uninfected or whose HIV status is unknown. Risky sexual behavior was defined by HIV-infected MSM who had engaged in multiple episodes of UAI in the past three months. These interviews gathered preliminary data on the feasibility and acceptability of secondary HIV behavioral prevention strategies for MSM who engage in very risky sexual behavior. In addition, these data have identified descriptive themes that could be used to augment traditional secondary HIV invention preventions, creating new and specific risk-reduction strategies for this very high-risk group.